India Rising – a book review

Straits Times Journalist Ravi Velloor writes a tight & essential book on India as seen through the eyes of an outsider who knows more people inside than the rest of the insiders.

This book is a compendium of various facets of India, from a Singaporean perspective, by an author-journalist who was part of all the facets. The book is not only interesting but also riveting as the author, Ravi Velloor, has dealt in detail, each one of the above facets.Even though the book is detailed, it doesn’t test our patience, as the lucid presentation lures us into the book and the details that it contains.

The book covers the happenings in India between 1998 to 2015. More focus has been on the UPA-I and II periods and the roller-coaster ride that the country went through under the regime.

Ravi Velloor talks about the Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement between India and Singapore, the behind the scenes negotiations that took place to enable that, the role played by former PM Goh Chok Tong, and the necessity of cooperation between the two democracies.

The India-US relations, how the US began to lure India into its fold, how the partnership cemented, the background on Indo-US Nuclear Deal, the stupid role played by the communists in trying to stall the deal, how Manmohan Singh ensured that the deal was made – all these are captured the sequential manner  in which these occurred. Lots of insights here on how Singh ensured the deal got through.

The book talks in detail about the state or the lack of it in Pakistan and how the nation was behind the Nov 26, 2008 attack on Mumbai. The detail on the young Singaporean lawyer Lo Hwei Yen who was killed while on her one day work visit to Mumbai would bring tears to your eyes not only because of the dastardly nature of the attack but also because of the journalistic ethic that the author displayed when he didn’t want to look at the naked body of the victim, as he thought that would have amounted to violation of privacy of a lady. Such journalists are a rare breed in this era of Twitter journalism.

5188ewqcnyl-_ac_us160_fmwebp_ql70_The author is highly critical of Shashi Tharoor for his flamboyant methods to woo international opinion to favour his elevation as UN Secretary General. Tharoor comes out as selfish, attention seeking and always-after-power type in spite of his ebullience and erudition. Tharoor, in order to win over the confidence of Sonia Gandhi and get her support to get India’s backing for his position, goes to meet her in person, carrying a biography of Nehru that he had written. Despite the Indian external affairs ministry’s misgivings in fielding Tharoor, just because Sonia Gandhi approved his nomination, India backed him, and in the process got disgraced when the US sided with the Korean nomination, Ban Ki Moon. Condolezza Rice’s comment on Tharoor is all the more damaging. Tharoor becomes the case of a person who put himself ahead of the nation.

Sri Lankan equation makes an interesting reading. That the LTTE dug it own grave is all the more evident. But some genuinely sympathetic exchanges from Rajiv Gandhi to Prabhakaran – the former gave the latter his bullet proof vest – were discarded by the LTTE and today the terrorist organization doesn’t exist. This section explains in detail how the LTTE didn’t get the post 2001 international situation at all and this, coupled with Indian animosity, ended in the downfall of the Tigers.

While dwelling on Tigers and the final phase of assault, the author explains in detail as to what happened prior to Karunanidhi’s bizarre half a day ‘fast-unto-death’ when he had prior input from P.Chidambaram that there would be a temporary cessation of hostilities.I would only recommend that at least this section be translated into Tamil and circulated in Tamil Nadu. The sequence of event is as below ;

  1. Elections are underway in India. Polling in TN was to have happened on 13-May.
  2. Congress govt worries that any news of Prabhakaran’s death would jeopardize the polling in TN against Congress-DMK combine.
  3. Shivshankar Menon and Narayanan travel to Sri Lanka to ask them to stop hostilities for a couple of weeks.
  4. Sri Lanka agrees.
  5. P.Chidambaram conveys this to Karunanidhi.
  6. Next morning, on 28 April 2009, Karunanidhi announces a ‘fast-unto-death’.
  7. Sri Lanka announces ceasefire the same day.
  8. Karunanidhi declares ‘Victory’and calls off ‘fast-unto-death’.
  9. Polling gets over on 13-May.
  10. DMK & Congress get elected.
  11. Prabhakaran is killed on 19-May.

Conspiracy, self-centric policies, avarice, intrigue – the characteristics that Karunanidhi symbolizes, are shown in the above approach. The author captures it all.

Ravi talks about the ‘Mallu Mafia’ – the bureaucratic stranglehold that the Malayalee bureaucrats – TKA Nair, M.K.Narayanan, Shiv Shankar Menon – had on the govt, the politics that unfolded, the power struggle in the bureaucracy and after-effects thereafter.

Anthony, India’s worst defense minister ever, is dealt with in a separate chapter. As a result of the Right to Information Act, bureaucrats become averse to taking any decision and begin to pass on the buck. This strangulates decision making and puts purchases for armed forces under scanner. Meanwhile several mishaps take place in the naval force. The defense minister blames the then Naval chief D.K.Joshi and accepts the latter’s resignation in the most ungraceful manner. The UPA government under Singh had not only institutionalized corruption but also defamed the armed forces. The then Army Chief V.K.Singh’s retirement age episode took place in this period. The author has captured all these in minute detail.

What is shocking is the reason attributed to Anthony’s actions. Under fire from all directions on different scams related to 2G auction, Coal, Commonwealth Games and Aadarsh Building, Anthony was expecting Manmohan Singh to resign so that he could take over the reins.

There is an imbalance in the author’s treatment of a scam pertaining to a Singapore company in an Indian arms deal. Anthony had black-listed the company. The author loses his balance here and starts his mud-slinging on Anthony. It is a different matter that Anthony deserves not handfuls of mud but mountains of it. He makes a startling revelation that Manmohan Singh had early stage Parkinson’s disease and hence was not as active when he was Prime Minister and often looked wooden even in public appearances.

Ravi also talks about the ‘prince-charming’ who has been in eternal wait – Rahul Gandhi. He some how claims that Rahul is an exceptional listener, a voracious reader and an eager learner. None of what Ravi says has been visible sofar. He even says a Singapore minister had spent a day with Rahul and was enchanted at the latter’s curiosity. Ravi could have said more on this episode. The claim that Sonia Gandhi is also a voracious reader is news.

There is an interesting bit on Sonia Gandhi’s refusal to accept the Prime Ministership listening to her ‘inner-voice’. It turns out that it was Rahul Gandhi who argued with Sonia not to accept the position as he felt the position was too risky. Natwar Singh who was party to the conversation confirms this to the author.

Another interesting tidbit that we gather is that Rahul had come twice to Singapore and to spend some time listening to the legendary Lee Kuan Yew who had asked him not to hurry for position, to surround himself with smart and reliable folks and be ready when the time comes. Looking at the kind of folks that Congress has, it seems Lee Kuan Yew’s advice would remain an advice.

The author also covers the wholly unconstitutional National Advisory Council with Sonia as the Chairperson that had enormous powers even on the Prime Minister and the complete compromise that Singh had to resort to in order to please Sonia and her coterie and similar such items in this book that send shock waves over one’s spine.

The author concludes with Modi, talking about his performance in Gujarat, his gradual ascendancy in national politics and then becoming PM at last. An essential book on India through the eyes of an outsider who knows more people inside than the rest of the insiders.

Thank You, Dr.Singh

Dear Dr.Singh ,

Thank you very much. Have a safe and active retired life.

You might have noticed that I have chosen to address you as Dr.Singh and not as ‘Mr.Prime Minister’.

I didn’t want to cloud my mind with negativity and despair and hence start an outpouring of emotions. Hence I have avoided giving the burden of being a prime minister to you.

Sir, the post of the Prime Minister of India was an institution. Yes, it is a ‘was’. That is because it used to be an institution with such raw power and authority to make or break the lives of a billion people and more. And now the ‘institution’ has become a museum where one gets a glimpse of what it used to be like and derive nostalgic pleasure. Thank you for that.

Sir, when you became the Prime Minister, I was enthralled not because of your political party but because of the number of letters that succeeded your name – your qualifications. But you helped me in a way. You have proved that the number of characters behind one’s name does not signify the ‘character’ of the person. Thank God, my name has just two characters following it.

Sir, I know that you are preparing to leave and you have written to the world leaders about your imminent departure. Now that you have written to them, I come to know that you have been there for the last 10 years.

When I come to think of the last 10 years, some thoughts come to my mind. I cannot help but think of these past events and people.

  1. Natwar Singh. Your minister in your first term. He was supposed to have taken money from, of all persons, Saddam Hussein.
  2. Sashi Tharoor. The Minister for Twitter. I don’t know if he has done anything more than tweet. He probably was an employee of Twitter, out to promote the company in India.
  3. Shibu Soren. You were not able to reach out to him, when he went underground. And might I add that he was a minister in your cabinet ?
  4. Mamta Banerjee. No, I don’t want to speak about her. Silence is golden, in her case
  5. A.Raja. May be I should not have brought his name at all. Oh yes, he helped Saravana Bavan open a branch in Tihar.
  6. T.R.Baalu. Well, the minister for shipping and transport who shipped and transported wealth for himself and his boss.
  7. P.Chidambaram. Hope you know if he did something while in office other than speaking about Gujarat.
  8. Pranab Mukherjee. He used to be Finance Minister when he was not mollifying Karunanidhi in Chennai.
  9. Kapil Sibal. The person who got the nobel prize for inventing ‘zero’.
  10. Veerappa Moily. The employee of Reliance.
  11. Salman Kurshid. The person who wanted to be in China and said so in Beijing.
  12. Renuka Chaudhry. Not sure what she was other than than she had difficulty in closing her mouth.
  13. Anand Sharma. Not sure what he did other visiting Singapore a couple of times.
  14. Mani Shankar Aiyer – The citizen of Pakistan who found himself in your cabinet for a few months and later in parliament whose job was to out-shout the T.V. anchors in their studios.
  15. Dayanidhi Maaran – The Minister in charge of digging up Chennai roads to lay telephone cables who also incidentally owns  some meagre cable television companies and just one airline company.
  16. Sharad Pawar. The Minister for Agriculture who was developing Agriculture in Dubai, officiating BCCI cricket matches.
  17. Suresh Kalmadi. Not sure who he is. But any mention of ‘stadium’ brings up his image on Google.

Thank you for having demonstrated that one can remain silent even in the company of the above characters.

And I have some retirement ideas for you, Sir. You could write a book on any or all of the following :

  1. ‘Why Gujarat was never a part of India’
  2. Transcendental Meditation in Troubled Times’
  3. ‘Cabinet and the Art of Not Making noise’
  4. ‘The Art and Science of Silent Loot’
  5. ‘Subservience to a woman and its benefits’
  6. ‘Why Coalgate is not good for India’
  7. ‘The Intelligent Investors’ guide to Switzerland’
  8. ‘Hiding behind sarees’

Thanks you.

Yours Sincerely,

Right Off Center

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